STEREO PHOTO'S OF EUROPEAN ORCHIDS

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01

        

  Aceras anthropophora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

        

                   Man Orchid

  Distribution:   Europa

  Flowering period: March (south) till June (north)

  Habitat:   Chalky soils, light woods and maquis     

 

 

 

   ANACAMPTIS

 

02

  Anacamptis collina

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Hill Orchid

  Distribution: Rare in Mediterranean area, more on Crete and Malta

  Flowering period: February till April

  Habitat:  Hills, maquis, stony slopes, neglected orchards

  Zie ook: Albiflora.

 

 

03

  Anacamptis coriophora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Bug orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Bloeiperiode: May till June

  Habitat:  open forests, nutrient poor meadows

 

 

04

  Anacamptis laxiflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Loose-flowered orchid

  Distribution: West, Zuid en Zuid-Oost Europa

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat: marshy meadows, reedlands Chalky slopes

 

 

05

   Anacamptis morio

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Green-veined orchid

  Distribution: Europe except far north

  Flowering period: March till June, depending upon latitude

  Habitat:  Wet dunes, meadows and maquis      

 

  Anacamptis morio

             ssp. champagneuxii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                  Orchis champagneuxii

 Distribution: South, mid and East Spain, Provence, Liguria.

 Flowering period: March, April till mid May.

 Habitat:  Maquis and meadows calcareous soil. rare     

 

  Anacamptis morio

             ssp. longicornu

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Orchis longicornu

 Distribution: North Afrika, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, south Italy, south Portugal

 Flowering period: February till start of May

 Habitat:  Open woods, slope grasslands and maquis

 

 

06

  Anacamptis papilionacea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Butterfly Orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat:  Open fields.     

  Anacamptis papilionacea

             ssp. expansa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Great butterfly orchid

  Distribution: Sicily, Spain and Greece

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat: warm, protected fields

  Anacamptis papilionacea

             ssp. rubra

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

                   Red butterfly Orchid

  Distribution: South Italy, Corsica, Sicily, Joegoslavia

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat: nutrient-poor meadows

 

 

07

  Anacamptis pyramidalis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Pyramidal Orchid

  Distribution:  Europe with the exception of the North

  Flowering period:   march in the Sout till early June in teh North

  Habitat:  Roadside, woodside and dry meadows

 

 

08

  Anacamptis sancta

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Holy Orchid

  Distribution: Eastern Greek isles, Turkey, Libanon, Syria Israel

  Flowering period: end April, May, June

  Habitat:  Everywhere, light shadow     

 

 

  CEPHALANTHERA

 

09

  Cephalanthera damasonium

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      White Helleborine

  Distribution:  Europa with excaeption of North Scandinavia.

  Flowering period:  May to July.

  Habitat:   Shaded woods, especially beech, sometimes coniferous.

 

 

10

  Cephalanthera epipactoides

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Cephalanthera epipactoides

  Distribution:  Eastern Greece Isles, Western Turkey.

  Flowering period:  April till June.

  Habitat:   Maquis, open woods, pour soil.     

 

 

11

  Cephalanthera longfolia

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Narrow-leaved Helleborine

  Distibution:  All of Europe except the North.

  Flowering period:  April (South), May, June, July (North)

  Habitat:   Lime and Loss soils, in forest and in open spots, moist.

 

 

12

  Cephalanthera rubra

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Red Helleborine

  Distribution:  All of Europ except England and North Europe.

  Flowering period:  May (South), June, July

  Habitat:   Lime and Loss soils, woods.

 

 

 

            End of Cephalanthera

 

13

  Corallorhiza trifida

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Early Coralroot

  Distribution: Europe, except atl. coast and mediterranean coast. North Eng. en Icel.

  Flowering period: May, June, in the mountains July

  Habitat: Humus-rich soil, also Sphagnum

 

 

14

  Cypripedium calceolus

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Lady's-slipper Orchid,

  Distribution: Sweden, Pyrenees to eastern Europe, not in N.W. and S. Europe

  Flowering period: May, June, in the mountains: July

  Habitat: In the shade, in wood, also in swamps

 

 

 

 DACTYLORHIZA

 

15

  Dactylorhiza incarnata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Early marsh Orchid

  Distribution: Frisian islands, dune areas Zuid Holland, Zeeland

  Flowering period May, June

  Habitat:  Wet, calcareous dune valleys.     

 

 

16

  Dactylorhiza maculata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Heath spotted Orchid

  Distribution: Europe, except South-East

  Flowering period: End of April till August

  Habitat:  Acidic soils in marsches, heath and moors and wet meadows     

 

 

  Dactylorhiza maculata

             ssp. fuchsii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  Frontal

  Flower  Sideways

                  Common spotted Orchid

  Distribution: Europe

  Flowering period: June, July

  Habitat In the shade, woods, under shrubs roadsides.     

 

 

16

  Dactylorhiza majalis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Western marsh Orchid

  Distribution: Europe except South Spain, Italy and Greece

  Flowering period: May and June

  Habitat:  Wet meadows, weakly acidic to basic, lowland and mountains

 

 

14

  Dactylorhiza majalis

             ssp. lapponica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Lapland marsch Orchid

  Distribution: North of Norway, Sweden and Finland

  Flowering period: Mid June, July

  Habitat:  Marshes and moors

 

 

17

  Dactylorhiza majalis

             ssp. praetermissa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Southern marsh Orchid

  Distribution: North-West Europe

  Flowering period: June, July

  Habitat:  Wet reetlands and moist meadows    

  Dactylorhiza majalis

             ssp. purpurella

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Northern Marsh-orchid

  Distribution: Noord-west costal Europa

  Flowering period: june, july

  Habitat:  damp coastal dune slacks 

 

   Dactylorhiza majalis

             ssp. romana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  Sideways

                    Roman Dactylorhiza

  Distribution: Mediterranean territory except South France

  Flowering period: March and April

  Habitat: Grassy hillside meadows and woods.    

 

 

   Dactylorhiza majalis

             ssp. sambucina (yellow or red)

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Elder-flowered Orchid

  Distribution: Nearly all of Europ, except Holl. Bel. and isles mediterranean.

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  (Caulk) hillside meadows and open woods.

 

          work in progress

 

 

 

 

04

  Barlia robertiana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Giant Orchid

  Distribution:  Mediteranean

  Bloeiperiode:  January till May

  Habitat  Roadsides and Meadows.    

 

  Dactylorhiza majalis

  ssp. alpestris

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Alpine Western marsh Orchid

  Distribution: Alps

  Flowering period: June and July

  Habitat: Higher Alms, very wet, sunny, > 1000 meter

   Dactylorhiza sambucina  red

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

 

 

20

 Dactylorhiza traunsteineri

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Dactylorhiza traunsteineri

  Distribution: Ireland, central and N.E. Europe

  Flowerring period: June en July

  Habitat:  Wet hillside meadows, acid soils in swamps and moores

 

 

21

   Dactylorhiza viride

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Dactylorhiza viride

  Distribution: Europe

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat: bergweidenMountain meadows, short vegetation, caulk areas

 

 

                End of Dactylorhiza

     EPIPACTIS

 

22

  Epipactis atrorubens

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Dark-red Helleborine

  Distribution: Europe except Finland.

  Flowering period:  end of May till start of August

  Habitat: All kinds of terrain; dry grounds and meadows, open woods.      

 

 

23

  Epipactis helleborine

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Broad-leaved helleborine

  Distribution: Europe except Finland.

  Flowering period: End of June till september

  Habitat: Op allerlei terreinen; vaak lichte bossen.     

 

 

24

  Epipactis microphylla

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Small-leaved Helleborine

  Distribution: South and middle Europe except Atl. coast.

  Flowering peiod: May till early August

  Habitat:  open woods and rocky slopes.     

 

 

25

  Epipactis palustris

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Marsh helleborine

  Distribution: Europe except far South and North

  Flowering period: June till August

  Habitat:   Wet soils.     

 

 

 

               End Epipactis

 

26

  Epipogium aphyllum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Spurred Coral-root

  Distribution: Europe except the West and extreme South

  Flowering period: July and August

  Habitat:   in peat moss, pritty dark pine/beechforest.

  Details: very rare and unpredictable

 

 

27

  Gennaria diphyllum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Gennaria diphylla

  Distribution: South Spain and Portugal, Sardinia and Corsica

  Flowering period: february till end april

  Habitat:   Pine forests, maquis, shadow.

  Particularities: rare

 

 

28

 

 

  Goodyera repens  

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Creeping lady's-tresses

  Distribution: Europe except the Mediterranean.

  Flowering period: July and August

  Habitat:  Humus needles, moss layer, heath, moist

  Special: very sensitive for the habitat

 

 

 

   GYMNADENIA

 

29

  Gymnadenia albida ssp albida

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

                      Small white orchid

  Distribution: Norway, the Alps, Pyrenees and Carpathians

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat: Mountains till 2500 m.

  Gymnadenia albida ssp tricuspis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

 

 

30

  Gymnadenia conopsea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Fragrant orchid

  Distribution: Europe

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat: half open areas

  See also: Albiflora.

  Gymnadenia conospea ssp friesica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

           Duinmuggen orchis ssp friesica

  Distribution: Isles of the Wadden, Holland

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat:   Open valleys in the dunes.     

 

 

31

  Gymnadenia corneliana

  Plant

  Spike

                    Vanilla orchid, corneliana

  Distribution: France, Savoie, Hautes Alpes

  Flowering period: Half July, beginning of August.

  Habitat: Wet Calcareous Alp pastures, between 2000 and 2300 meter

  Particularities: Flower does not turn; lip remains directed upwards

 

 

32

  Gymnadenia Nigra

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Black vanilla orchid

  Distribution: Only Central Sweden and Norwyy

  Flowering period: July

  Habitat: Full sun, calcareous pastures

  Particularities: Flower does not turn; lip remains directed upwards

 

 

33

  Gymnadenia rhellicani

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Gymandenia rhellicani

  Distribution: The Alps to the Carpathians

  Flowering period: End of July till mid August.

  Habitat: Full sun, calcareous Alp pastures, between 2000 and 2800 meter.

  Particularities: Flower does not turn; lip remains directed upwards

 

 

 

 

            End of Gymnadenia

 

34

  Hammarbya paludosa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Bog orchid

  Distribution: North, middle and East Europ, except realy North Noorden

  Flowering period: July and August

  Habitat:  Swamps, quaking bogs, wet moores

 

 

35

  Herminium monorchis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

              Musk orchid

  Distribution: Europe, not in the South, West and North

  Flowering period: June till August

  Habitat:  dry and wet meadows.     

 

 

36

  Himantoglossum adriaticum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

               Adriatic Lizard Orchid

  Distribution: Italy, Kroatia to Czechia.

  Bloeiperiode: may to july

  Habitat:  Open woods, bushes meadows on chalk.

 

 

37

  Himantoglossum hircinum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Lizard orchid

  Distribution: Central and South Europe

  Flowering period: South: May, Central: August

  Habitat: Calcareous grounds, open woods, dunes

 

 

38

  Liparis loeselii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Fen orchid

  Distribution:&bsbp;Holland, Belgium and Germany

  Flowering period: June till August

  Habitat:  Wet valleys of the dunes, swamps and moores.     

 

 

39

   Limodorum abortivum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Violet Limodore

  Distribution: Central and South Europe

  Flowering period: April till July

  Habitat: calcareous grounds.     

 

 

40

  Limodorum trabutianum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Limodorum trabutianum

  Distribution: Algeria, South Spain and Portugal, Sardinia.

  Flowering period: End of april, may

  Habitat:  calcareous grounds.

 

 

41

  Listera cordata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Lesser twayblade

  Distribution: Europe, except Mediterrenan

  Flowering period May till August

  Habitat: humus of needles in pine forests and swamps.     

 

 

42

  Listera ovata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Common Twayblade

  Distribution: Europe, except far South

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat: Everywhere, manytimes woods.     

 

 

43

  Neotinea lactea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Neotinea lactea

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: February till April

  Habitat: Dry graslands and maquis

 

 

44

  Neotinea maculata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Dense-flowered Orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: Mid March till mid April

  Habitat:  Open pine forests and maquis

 

 

45

  Neottia nidus avidus

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Bird's-nest orchid

  Distribution: Europe except far North

  Flowering period: May till July

  Habitat: woods, forest edges, loose, humus-rich soil

 

 

 

      OPHRYS

 

46

  Ophrys apifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Bee orchid

  Distribution: Europe, except the North

  Flowering period: April in the South, June everywhere else

  Habitat:  Bushes, chalk slopes, semi wet meadows.    

 

 

 

 Ophrys Araniferae sectie

             

47

  Ophrys archipelagi

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys archipelagi

  Distribution: Around the Adriatic Sea

  Flowering period: March till April

  Habitat:  Chalk terrain, (half) sunny.

  Bijzonderheden:  Local and rare

 

 

 

48

  Ophrys argolica ssp. biscutella

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys argolica ssp. biscutella

  Distribution: around the Adriatic sea

  Flowering period: April till May

  Habitat:  chalk slopes, short gras, open wood.     

 

 

49

  Ophrys garganica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys garganica

  Distribution: Spain, Italy

  Flowering period: March, April

  Habitat: Maquis, open woods.     

 

 

50

  Ophrys incubacea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys incubacea

  Distribution: Mediteranean

  Flowering period: March and April

  Habitat: meadows, maquis

 

 

51

  Ophrys litigiosa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys litigiosa

  Distribution: South France, Northern Spain, South Germany, Italy, Crete

  Flowering period: March and April

  Habitat:  Lime soils, dry stony places

 

 

52

  Ophrys mammosa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys mammosa

  Distribution: Greece, Turkey(coast), Lebanon

  Flowering period March, April

  Habitat:  Pine forests, maquis, calcareous soil

 

 

53

  Ophrys sphegodes

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Early spider-orchid

  Distribution: South England, France, Germany and Mediteranean Area

  Flowering Period: March till half May, North: May till half June

  Habitat:  calcareous soil, open meadows

 

 

54

   Ophrys virescens

  Plant

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Ophrys Virescens

  Distribution: Mediteranean area

  Flowering period: April tot juni

  Habitat: meadows, thicket and forest edges

 

 

Eind Sphegodes

Ophrys Fuciflora section

Bumblebee section

55

   Ophrys apulica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys apulica

  Distribution: Central and South Italy

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  Thicker, deserted meadows, uncultivated grounds.    

 

 

56

  Ophrys chiosica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys chiosica

  Distribution: South Chios 

  Flowering period: End April, May

  Habitat: Maquis

 

 

57

  Ophrys fuciflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Late spider-orchid

  Distribution: Europe except the Netherlands and Scandinavia

  Flowering period: End March in the South till May in the North

  Habitat:  Maquis and dry chalk hillside grassland

 

 

58

  Ophrys homeri

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys homeri

  Distribution: Chios Greece

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  Maquis, calcareous soil

 

 

59

  Ophrys lacaitae

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys lacaitae

  Distribution: South Italy

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows and open woods

 

 

60

  Ophrys oxyrrhynchos

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys oxyrrhynchos

  Distribution: Sicily and exstremely rare in South Italy. In general: very rare.

  Flowering period: March, April and May

  Habtat: Maquis and calcareous meadows

 

 

 

End Fuciflora

 

61

  Ophrys bertolonii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Bertoloni's Bee Orchid

  Distribution: Italy and the mediteranean coast of Spain, France and Yugoslavia.

  Flowering period: End March, April, May

  Habitat:  Lime and clay, grassy and dry meadows. Also open woods.     

 

 

62

   Ophrys bertoloniiformis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys bertholoniiformis

  Distribution:: Gargano mountains, Italy.

  Flowering period: End March, April, May

  Habitat:  Lime and clay, meadows. Also open woods.           

 

 

63

   Ophrys bombyliflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Bumblebee orchid

  Distribution: around the Mediterranean Sea

  Flowering period: March, April, half May

  Habitat:  short grass meadows, open forests

 

 

64

  Ophrys bremifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys bremifera

  Distribution: Gargano mountains Italy, Greece and Turkey

  Flowering period: May and June

  Habitat: open forest

 

 

 

Ophrys Fusca section

 

65

  Ophrys bilunulata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys bilunulata

 Distrubution: Spain, Italy

 Flowering period: March, April

 Biotoop:  Maquis, open forests.     

 

 

66

  Ophrys fusca

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Dark bee-orchid

  Distribution: Spain, Italy;

  Flowering period: March, April

  Habitat:  Maquis, open woods.     

 

 

67

  Ophrys iriscolor (ssp eleonarae)

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys iriscolor

  Distribution: Sardinia and Corsica;

  Flowering period: February till end of May

  Habitat:  Maquis, light forests, roadsides.

 

 

68

  Ophrys omegaifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys omegaifera

  Distribution: Aegean isles and SW Turkey

  Flowering period: Mid March till mid April

  Habitat:  Open pine forests, maquis, sometimes meadows

 

 

69

  Ophrys sitiaca

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys sitiaca

  Distribution: Aegeian ilsles and W Turkey

  Flowering period: Mid February till end March

  Habitat:  Open pine forests, maquis, sometime meadows

 

 

70

  Ophrys subfusca ssp. flameola

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Ophrys subfusca ssp. flameola

  Distribution: Sicily, Italy

  Flowering period: March and April

  Biotoop: Grassy plaines, acid soil

 

 

 

End Fusca section

 

71

  Ophrys gottfriediana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys gottfriediana

  Distribution: Greece

  Flowering period: mid March till mid April

  Habitat:  open pine forests, maquis, meadows.

 

 

72

  Ophrys insectifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                              Fly Orchid

  Distribution: Europe, except Mediterranean area and the North

  Flowering period: May till July

  Habitat:  Till 1500 m, meadows, pine- en beechforests, calcareous soil.   

 

 

73

  Ophrys lunulata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                           Moon orchid

  Distribution: Sicily, Sardinia, Calabria and Apulia

  Flowering period: March, April

  Habitat:  Alkaline soils, herbaceous vegetation.

 

 

74

  Ophrys lutea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                             Yellow bee orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: March till early May

  Habitat: Maquis and meadows

 

 

75

  Ophrys mastoricum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys mastoricum

  Distribution: Chios Greece

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  Maquis, calcarous soils.    

 

 

76

   Ophrys neglecta

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower

                         Ophrys neglecta

  Distribution: South Italy, Corsica Sardinia; local and quite rare.

  Flowering period: March till June

  Habitat: Open limestone areas, dry and wet.

 

 

77

  Ophrys pseudoscolopax

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys pseudoscolopax

  Distribution: South of France

  Flowering periuod: April till end May

  Habitat:  calcareous, quite open soil, road sides      

 

 

78

   Ophrys reinholdii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys reinholdii

  Distribution: Rhodos. Rare: East Mediterranean

  Flowering period: mid March till end April

  Habitat:  Maquis, open forests, calcareous soil

 

 

79

   Ophrys rhodia

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                         Ophrys rhodia

  Distribution: Aegeian isles and Cyprus

  Flowering period: ende March till end April

  Habitat:   Maquis, roadsides, gras

 

 

80

  Ophrys scolopax

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Woodcock bee-orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: March, April, in the North: May

  Habitat:  Calcareous or clay soil, grassy or stony

 

 

81

  Ophrys scolopax cornuta

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Ophrys scolopax cornuta

  Distribution: Gargano Italy and Eastern Mediterranean

  Flowering period: April, May and June

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows, hillsides

 

 

82

  Ophrys sicula

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys Sicula

  Distribution: South Italy and East Mediterranean

  Bloeiperiode: March, April and May

  Habitat:  Maquis, dry meadows, calcareous soil     

 

 

83

   Ophrys speculum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Mirror orchid

  Distribution: Sicily, Sardinia and mid Italy, rare.

  Flowering period: March, April

  Habitat:  Maquis, open forests, calcareous soil

 

 

84

  Ophrys tenthredinifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                         Sawfly orchid

  Distribution: Spain, Portugal Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Greece, SW Turkey.

  Flowering period: March, April, May.

  Habitat:  Chalc and clay, meadows. also open woods.     

 

 

End Ophrys

ORCHIS

 

85

  Orchis anatolica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Anatolian Orchid

  Distribution: Greek isles, Middle east.

  Flowering period: March, April and May.

  Habitat:  calcareous soil.    

 

 

86

  Orchis brancifortii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Orchis brancifortii

  Distribution: Sardinia en Sicily, local

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat:  Dry, calcareous soil     

 

 

87

  Orchis champagneuxii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Orchis champagneuxii

 Distribution: South, mid and East Spain, Provence, Liguria.

 Flowering period: March, April till mid May.

 Habitat:  Maquis and meadows calcareous soil. rare     

 

 

90

  Orchis italica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Italian Orchid

  Distribution: Mediteranean area

  Flowering period: April till May

  Habitat:  calcareous soils, stony meadows, light shadow.     

 

 

91

  Orchis longicornu

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Orchis longicornu

 Distribution: North Afrika, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, south Italy, south Portugal

 Flowering period: February till start of May

 Habitat:  Open woods, slope grasslands and maquis

 

 

92

  Orchis mascula

  ssp mascula

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Early-purple orchid

 Distribution: Nearly everywhere in Europe West of mid Bavaria

 Floweing period: April till July

 Habitat:  clay soil, open woods, thicket

  Orchis mascula

  ssp signifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Gracious early-purple orchid

  Distribution: Europe East of mid Bavaria

  Flowering period: June en July

  Habitat:  Grassy Chalkhills  

 

 

93

  Orchis militaris

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Military orchid

  Distribution: Europe; less around the Mediterranean

  Flowering period: April till June (juli)

  Habitat:  In the sun, nutrient-poor meadows.     

 

 

94

   Orchis morio

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Green-veined orchid

  Distribution: Europe except far north

  Flowering period: March till June, depending upon latitude

  Habitat:  Wet dunes, meadows and maquis      

 

 

95

   Orchis ovalis (Delforge)

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Orchis ovalis

  Distribution: South Europe

  Flowering period: May till July

  Habitat: mountains; clay soil, open woods, thicket

 

 

96

  Orchis papilionacea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Butterfly Orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat:  Open fields.     

  Orchis papilionacea

  ssp. expansa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Great butterfly orchid

  Distribution: Sicily, Spain and Greece

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat: warm, protected fields

  Ochis papilionacea

  ssp. rubra

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

                      Red butterfly Orchid

  Distribution: South Italy, Corsica, Sicily, Joegoslavia

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat: nutrient-poor meadows

 

 

97

  Orchis pauciflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Orchis pauciflora

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  meadows and open woods

 

 

98

  Orchis provincialis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Provence orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  limestone hillside meadows and open forests

 

 

99

  Orchis purpurea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Lady Orchid

  Distribution: Europe except Holland and Belgium

  Flowering period: April till June

  Habitat:  calcareous soil, woods and thicker     

 

 

100

   Orchis quadripunctata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Four-spotted Orchid

  Distribution: South Italy, Greece

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat:  Calcareous soil, maquis, negelcted orchards.     

 

 

102

  Orchis simia

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Monkey Orchid

  Distribution: Central and South Europ, rare in Holland

  Flowering period: end March(South) till start June (North)

  Habitat:  Chalk hillside grasslands, open forests and maquis

 

 

103

  Orchis tridentata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Three-toothed Orchid

  Distribution: Central Europe and Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April till June

  Habitat:  thicker, hillside grasslands and edges of forests.

  Orchis tridentata ssp.commutata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

               Three-toothed orchid ssp. commutata

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April till June

  Habitat: thicker, hillside grasslands and forest-edges.

 

 

104

  Orchis ustulata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                          Burned Orchid

  Distribution: Europe, except the North

  Flowering period: April till August

  Habitat:  Calcareous highlands and alms.    

 

 

 

 

                  End Orchis

 

105

   Platanthera bifolia

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Lesser butterfly-orchid

  Distribution: Europe, rare in Holland

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat:  Grasslands, thicker and forests

 

 

106

  Platanthera chlorantha

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Greater butterfly-orchid

  Distribution: Europe, rare in Holland

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat:   calcareous hillside graslands, thicker and forests.     

 

 

 

     SERAPIAS

 

107

  Serapias bergonii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Serapias bergonii

  Distribution: Italy, Greece, Turkey and Cyprus

  Flowering period: Early April till May

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows and wasteland

 

 

108

  Serapias cordigera

  Plant

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Serapias cordigera

  Distribution: Europe, except the north

  Flowering period: End March till May

  Habitat: Maquis, meadows and forests

 

 

109

  Serapias lingua

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Tongue orchid

  Distribution:  South Europe.

  Flowering period: Mid march till may

  Habitat: Wet(or morer dry), alkaline meadows. Also in undergrowth.    

 

 

 

110

   Serapias neglecta

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Scarce tongue-orchid

  Distribution: Italian and French Riviera, Corsica, Sicily and South Italy

  Flowering period: end March till early May

  Habitat:  slope graslands and open forests

 

 

111

  Serapias parviflora

  Plant

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Small-flowered tongue-orchid

  Distribution: West and mid Mediterranean

  Flowering period: April and May

  Biotoop: Maquis, meadows, forests

 

 

112

  Serapias vomeracea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Long-lipped serapias

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: End March till start June

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows and open forests

 

 

 

 

                End Serapias

 

113

  Spiranthes aestivalis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Summer lady's-tresses

 Distribution: Mid, but especially South Europe.

 Flowering period: July and August

 Habitat:  Wet moors and meadows.

 

 

114

  Spiranthes romanzoffiana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Irish Lady's-tresses

  Distribution: Ireland, Brittany, Netherlands, US.

  Flowering period: July and August

  Habitat: swamps, wet meadows.

 

 

 

115

  Spiranthes spiralis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Autumn lady's-tresses

 Distribution: From the Iberian peninsula to Poland, Carpathians.

 Flowering period: June till August

 Habitat:  Full sun, nutrientpoor grasslands, mountain meadows and swamps.   

 

 

116

  Traunsteinera globosa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Round Headed Orchid

  Distribution: Central Europe and more South.

  Flowering period: May till July

  Habitat: wet mountain meadows above 400 m.

 

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