STEREO PHOTO'S OF EUROPEAN ORCHIDS

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01

        

  Aceras anthropophora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

        

                   Man Orchid

  Distribution:   Europa

  Flowering period: March (south) till June (north)

  Habitat:   Chalky soils, light woods and maquis     

 

 

 

    ANACAMPTIS

 

02

  Anacamptis collina

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                  Hill Orchid

  Distribution: Rare in Mediterranean area, more on Crete and Malta

  Flowering period: February till April

  Habitat:  Hills, maquis, stony slopes, neglected orchards

  Zie ook: Albiflora.

 

 

03

  Anacamptis coriophora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Bug orchid

  Distribution: South and middle Europea

  Flowering period: April till July

Habitat: open places, nutrient poor and acid fields

  Anacamptis coriophora

             ssp. fragrans

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                Bug orchid ssp. fragrans

  Distribution: South Europe

  Flowering period: March till june

  Biotoop:  clearings in the woods, nutrient-pour fields

 

 

04

  Anacamptis laxiflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Loose-flowered orchid

  Distribution: West, Zuid en Zuid-Oost Europa

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  marshy meadows, reedlands. Chalky slopes             

 

 

05

   Anacamptis morio

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Green-veined orchid

  Distribution: Europe except far north

  Flowering period: March till June, depending upon latitude

  Habitat:  Wet dunes, meadows and maquis      

 

  Anacamptis morio

             ssp. champagneuxii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                  Orchis champagneuxii

 Distribution: South, mid and East Spain, Provence, Liguria.

 Flowering period: March, April till mid May.

 Habitat:  Maquis and meadows calcareous soil. rare     

 

  Anacamptis morio

             ssp. longicornu

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Orchis longicornu

 Distribution: North Afrika, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, south Italy, south Portugal

 Flowering period: February till start of May

 Habitat:  Open woods, slope grasslands and maquis

 

 

06

  Anacamptis papilionacea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Butterfly Orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat:  Open fields.     

  Anacamptis papilionacea

             ssp. expansa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Great butterfly orchid

  Distribution: Sicily, Spain and Greece

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat: warm, protected fields

  Anacamptis papilionacea

             ssp. rubra

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Red butterfly Orchid

  Distribution: South Italy, Corsica, Sicily, Joegoslavia

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat: nutrient-poor meadows

 

 

07

  Anacamptis pyramidalis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Pyramidal Orchid

  Distribution:  Europe with the exception of the North

  Flowering period:   march in the Sout till early June in teh North

  Habitat:  Roadside, woodside and dry meadows     

 

 

08

  Anacamptis sancta

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Holy Orchid

  Distribution: Eastern Greek isles, Turkey, Libanon, Syria Israel

  Flowering period: end April, May, June

  Habitat:  Everywhere, light shadow     

 

 

  CEPHALANTHERA

 

09

  Cephalanthera damasonium

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      White Helleborine

  Distribution:  Europa with excaeption of North Scandinavia.

  Flowering period:  May to July.

  Habitat:   Shaded woods, especially beech, sometimes coniferous.     

 

 

10

  Cephalanthera epipactoides

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Cephalanthera epipactoides

  Distribution:  Eastern Greece Isles, Western Turkey.

  Flowering period:  April till June.

  Habitat:   Maquis, open woods, pour soil.     

 

 

11

  Cephalanthera longfolia

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower 1  frontal

  Flower 2  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Narrow-leaved Helleborine

  Distibution:  All of Europe except the North.

  Flowering period:  April (South), May, June, July (North)

  Habitat:   Lime and Loss soils, in forest and in open spots, moist.     

 

 

12

  Cephalanthera rubra

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Red Helleborine

  Distribution:  All of Europ except England and North Europe.

  Flowering period:  May (South), June, July

  Habitat:   Lime and Loss soils, woods.

 

 

 

            End of Cephalanthera

 

13

  Corallorhiza trifida

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Early Coralroot

  Distribution: Europe, except atl. coast and mediterranean coast. North Eng. en Icel.

  Flowering period: May, June, in the mountains July

  Habitat: Humus-rich soil, also Sphagnum

 

 

14

  Cypripedium calceolus

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Lady's-slipper Orchid,

  Distribution: Sweden, Pyrenees to eastern Europe, not in N.W. and S. Europe

  Flowering period: May, June, in the mountains: July

  Habitat: In the shade, in wood, also in swamps

 

 

 

 DACTYLORHIZA

 

15

  Dactylorhiza incarnata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Early marsh Orchid

  Distribution: Frisian islands, dune areas Zuid Holland, Zeeland

  Flowering period May, June

  Habitat:  Wet, calcareous dune valleys.     

 

 

16

  Dactylorhiza maculata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Heath spotted Orchid

  Distribution: Europe, except South-East

  Flowering period: End of April till August

  Habitat:  Acidic soils in marsches, heath and moors and wet meadows     

 

 

  Dactylorhiza maculata

             ssp. fuchsii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  Frontal

  Flower  Sideways

                  Common spotted Orchid

  Distribution: Europe

  Flowering period: June, July

  Habitat In the shade, woods, under shrubs roadsides.     

 

 

17

  Dactylorhiza majalis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Western marsh Orchid

  Distribution: Europe except South Spain, Italy and Greece

  Flowering period: May and June

  Habitat:  Wet meadows, weakly acidic to basic, lowland and mountains     

 

 

 

  Dactylorhiza majalis

             ssp. lapponica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Lapland marsch Orchid

  Distribution: North of Norway, Sweden and Finland

  Flowering period: Mid June, July

  Habitat:  Marshes and moors

 

 

 

  Dactylorhiza majalis

             ssp. praetermissa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Southern marsh Orchid

  Distribution: North-West Europe

  Flowering period: June, July

  Habitat:  Wet reetlands and moist meadows    

  Dactylorhiza majalis

             ssp. purpurella

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Northern Marsh-orchid

  Distribution: Noord-west costal Europa

  Flowering period: june, july

  Habitat:  damp coastal dune slacks 

 

   Dactylorhiza majalis

             ssp. romana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  Sideways

                    Roman Dactylorhiza

  Distribution: Mediterranean territory except South France

  Flowering period: March and April

  Habitat: Grassy hillside meadows and woods.    

 

 

   Dactylorhiza majalis

       ssp. sambucina (red)

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Elder-flowered Orchid

  Distribution: Nearly all of Europ, except Holl. Bel. and isles mediterranean.

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  (Caulk) hillside meadows and open woods.

   Dactylorhiza majalis

       ssp. sambucina (yellow)

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

  Dactylorhiza majalis

            ssp. sphagnicola

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Marsh orchid ssp. sphagnicola

  Distribution: the North and West of Europe.

  Flowering period: end of may till end of july.

  Habitat:  wet moores and marshes.    

 

 

18

   Dactylorhiza viridis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Frog orchid

  Distribution: Europe

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat: Mountain meadows, short vegetation, caulk areas

 

 

                End of Dactylorhiza

     EPIPACTIS

 

19

  Epipactis albensis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Epipactis albensis

  Distribution: Vercors, Chartreus France, NE Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia.

  Flowering period: mid July till september

  Habitat:  Acidic soils in dark woods.     

 

 

20

  Epipactis atrorubens

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Dark-red Helleborine

  Distribution: Europe except Finland.

  Flowering period:  end of May till start of August

  Habitat: All kinds of terrain; dry grounds and meadows, open woods.      

 

 

21

  Epipactis bugacensis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Epipactis bugacensis

  Distribution: NW Spain to central Europe.

  Flowering period: End of July till september

  Habitat:  Deciduous forests up to 1600 meters.     

 

 

22

  Epipactis helleborine

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Broad-leaved helleborine

  Distribution: Europe except Finland.

  Flowering period: End of June till september

  Habitat:  many soils; often in open forests.     

 

 

23

  Epipactus leptochila

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                Narrow-lipped helleborine

  Distribution: West-Central EuropeSouth England, NE Spain.

  Flowering period: End of June till august

  Habitat:  Lime soil in dark forests.     

 

 

24

  Epipactis microphylla

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Small-leaved Helleborine

  Distribution: South and middle Europe except Atl. coast.

  Flowering peiod: May till early August

  Habitat:  open woods and rocky slopes.     

 

 

25

  Epipactis muelleri

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Mueller's helleborine

  Distribution: Central an south Europe except Spain.

  Flowering period: June till august

  Habitat:  Dry, warm side of the road, thicket, up to 1600 meter.

 

 

26

  Epipactis palustris

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Marsh helleborine

  Distribution: Europe except far South and North

  Flowering period: June till August

  Habitat:   Wet soils.     

 

 

27

  Epipactis purpurata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Violet helleborine

  Distribution: Central Europe, England and NW Portugal.

  Flowering period: End of July till start of September

  Habitat:  Clay soil; mostly forests.     

 

 

 

               End Epipactis

 

28

  Epipogium aphyllum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Spurred Coral-root

  Distribution: Europe except the West and extreme South

  Flowering period: July and August

  Habitat:   in peat moss, pritty dark pine/beechforest.

  Details: very rare and unpredictable

 

 

29

  Gennaria diphyllum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Gennaria diphylla

  Distribution: South Spain and Portugal, Sardinia and Corsica

  Flowering period: february till end april

  Habitat:   Pine forests, maquis, shadow.

  Particularities: rare

 

 

30

 

 

  Goodyera repens  

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Creeping lady's-tresses

  Distribution: Europe except the Mediterranean.

  Flowering period: July and August

  Habitat:  Humus needles, moss layer, heath, moist

  Special: very sensitive for the habitat

 

 

 

   GYMNADENIA

 

31

  Gymnadenia conopsea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                  Fragrant orchid

  Distribution: Europe

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat:  half open areas      

  See also: Albiflora.

  Gymnadenia conospea ssp friesica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Fragrant orchid ssp friesica

  Distribution: Isles of the Wadden, Holland

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat:   Open valleys in the dunes.     

 

 

32

  Gymnadenia densiflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

              Marsh Fragrant orchid

  Distribution: Central Europe, from Scotland and North Spain to Asia

  Flowering period: June till August

  Habitat:  Calcareous lowlands to alkaline mountains     

 

 

33

  Gymnadenia odoratissima

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

              Gymnadenia odoratissima

  Distribution: Central Europe, Pyrenees, Balkans

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat:  Mountain meadows, often with chalk     

 

 

34

  Gymnadenia corneliana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

                    Vanilla orchid, corneliana

  Distribution: France, Savoie, Hautes Alpes

  Flowering period: Half July, beginning of August.

  Habitat:  Wet Calcareous Alp pastures, between 2000 and 2300 meter

  Particularities: Flower does not turn; lip remains directed upwards

 

 

35

  Gymnadenia nigra

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                  Black vanilla orchid

  Distribution: Only Central Sweden and Norwyy

  Flowering period: July

  Habitat: Full sun, calcareous pastures

  Particularities: Flower does not turn; lip remains directed upwards

 

 

36

  Gymnadenia rhellicani

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                  Gymandenia rhellicani

  Distribution: The Alps to the Carpathians

  Flowering period: End of July till mid August.

  Habitat: Full sun, calcareous Alp pastures, between 2000 and 2800 meter.

  Particularities: Flower does not turn; lip remains directed upwards

 

 

 

 

            End of Gymnadenia

 

37

  Hammarbya paludosa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                  Bog orchid

  Distribution: North, middle and East Europ, except realy North Noorden

  Flowering period: July and August

  Habitat:  Swamps, quaking bogs, wet moores

 

 

38

  Herminium monorchis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

             Musk orchid

  Distribution: Europe, not in the South, West and North

  Flowering period: June till August

  Habitat:  dry and wet meadows.     

 

 

 

HIMANTOGLOSSUM

 

39

  Himantoglossum adriaticum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

               Adriatic Lizard Orchid

  Distribution: Italy, Kroatia to Czechia.

  Bloeiperiode: may to july

  Habitat:  Open woods, bushes meadows on chalk.

 

 

40

  Himantoglossum hircinum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                  Lizard orchid

  Distribution: Central and South Europe

  Flowering period: South: May, Central: August

  Habitat:  Calcareous grounds, open woods, dunes           

 

 

41

  Himantoglossum robertiana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Giant Orchid

  Distribution:  Mediteranean

  Bloeiperiode:  January till May

  Habitat  Roadsides and Meadows.    

 

 

 

           End Himantoglossum

 

42

  Liparis loeselii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Fen orchid

  Distribution:&bsbp;Holland, Belgium and Germany

  Flowering period: June till August

  Habitat:  Wet valleys of the dunes, swamps and moores.     

 

 

43

   Limodorum abortivum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Violet Limodore

  Distribution: Central and South Europe

  Flowering period: April till July

  Habitat: calcareous grounds.     

 

 

44

  Limodorum trabutianum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Limodorum trabutianum

  Distribution: Algeria, South Spain and Portugal, Sardinia.

  Flowering period: End of april, may

  Habitat:  calcareous grounds.

 

 

45

  Listera cordata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower frontal

  Flower sideways

                  Lesser twayblade

  Distribution: Europe, except Mediterrenan

  Flowering period May till August

  Habitat: humus of needles in pine forests and swamps.                 

 

 

46

  Listera ovata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower frontal

  Flower sideways

                  Common Twayblade

  Distribution: Europe, except far South

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat: Everywhere, manytimes woods.     

 

 

47

  Neotinea lactea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Milky orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: February till April

  Habitat: Dry graslands and maquis

 

 

48

  Neotinea maculata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Dense-flowered Orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: Mid March till mid April

  Habitat:  Open pine forests and maquis

 

 

49

  Neotinea tridentata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Three-toothed Orchid

  Distribution: Central Europe and Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April till June

  Habitat:  thicker, hillside grasslands and edges of forests.     

  Neotinea tridentata

             ssp. conica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

               Three-toothed orchid ssp. conica

  Distribution: Spain

  Flowering period: February till April

  Habitat:  thicker, hillside grasslands and forest-edges.        

 

 

50

  Neotinea ustulata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Burned Orchid

  Distribution: Europe, except the North

  Flowering period: April till August

  Habitat:  Calcareous highlands and alms.    

  Neotinea ustulata var. aestivalis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Burned orchid var. aestivalis

  Distribution: England, Denmark, central an south Europe.

  Flowering period: july till august

  Habitat:  nutrient-poor meadows, sometimes in forest, up to 2000m    

 

 

51

  Neottia nidus avidus

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                  Bird's-nest orchid

  Distribution: Europe except far North

  Flowering period: May till July

  Habitat:  woods, forest edges, loose, humus-rich soil          

 

 

 

         OPHRYS

 

51

  Ophrys apifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Bee orchid

  Distribution: Europe, except the North

  Flowering period: April in the South, June everywhere else

  Habitat:  Bushes, chalk slopes, semi wet meadows.    

 

 

 

52

  Ophrys argolica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Ophrys argolica

  Distribution: around the Adriatic sea

  Flowering period: April till May

  Habitat:  chalk slopes, short gras, open wood.     

 

 

 

53

  Ophrys bertolonii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Bertoloni's Bee Orchid

  Distribution: Italy and the mediteranean coast of Spain, France and Yugoslavia.

  Flowering period: End March, April, May

  Habitat:  Lime and clay, grassy and dry meadows. Also open woods.     

 

 

54

   Ophrys bombyliflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Bumblebee orchid

  Distribution: around the Mediterranean Sea

  Flowering period: March, April, half May

  Habitat:  short grass meadows, open forests

 

 

55

  Ophrys ferrum-equinum

             ssp. gottfriediana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Ophrys gottfriediana

  Distribution: Greece

  Flowering period: mid March till mid April

  Habitat:  open pine forests, maquis, meadows.

 

 

56

  Ophrys fuciflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Late spider-orchid

  Distribution: Europe except the Netherlands and Scandinavia

  Flowering period: End March in the South till May in the North

  Habitat:  Maquis and dry chalk hillside grassland

 

   Ophrys fuciflora

             ssp. apulica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Ophrys apulica

  Distribution: Central and South Italy

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  Thicker, deserted meadows, uncultivated grounds.    

 

  Ophrys fuciflora

             ssp. chiosica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Ophrys chiosica

  Distribution: South Chios 

  Flowering period: End April, May

  Habitat: Maquis

 

  Ophrys fuciflora

             ssp. homeri

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Ophrys homeri

  Distribution: Chios Greece

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  Maquis, calcareous soil

 

  Ophrys fuciflora

             ssp. lacaitea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Ophrys lacaitae

  Distribution: South Italy

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows and open woods

 

  Ophrys fuciflora

             ssp. oxyrrhynchos

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Ophrys oxyrrhynchos

  Distribution: Sicily and exstremely rare in South Italy. In general: very rare.

  Flowering period: March, April and May

  Habtat: Maquis and calcareous meadows

 

 

 

57

  Ophrys fusca

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Dark bee-orchid

  Distribution: Spain, Italy;

  Flowering period: March, April

  Habitat:  Maquis, open woods.     

 

  Ophrys fusca

             ssp. iriscolor

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys iriscolor

  Distribution: Sardinia and Corsica;

  Flowering period: February till end of May

  Habitat:  Maquis, light forests, roadsides.

 

 

58

  Ophrys insectifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                              Fly Orchid

  Distribution: Europe, except Mediterranean area and the North

  Flowering period: May till July

  Habitat:  Till 1500 m, meadows, pine- en beechforests, calcareous soil.   

 

 

59

  Ophrys lunulata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                           Moon orchid

  Distribution: Sicily, Sardinia, Calabria and Apulia

  Flowering period: March, April

  Habitat:  Alkaline soils, herbaceous vegetation.

 

 

60

  Ophrys lutea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                             Yellow bee orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: March till early May

  Habitat: Maquis and meadows

 

  Ophrys lutea

             ssp. gallilea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Ophrys lutea ssp. gallilea

  Distribution: Sicily, Italy

  Flowering period: March and April

  Biotoop: Grassy plaines, acid soil

 

 

61

  Ophrys omegaifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys omegaifera

  Distribution: Aegean isles and SW Turkey

  Flowering period: Mid March till mid April

  Habitat:  Open pine forests, maquis, sometimes meadows

 

 

62

   Ophrys reinholdii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys reinholdii

  Distribution: Rhodos. Rare: East Mediterranean

  Flowering period: mid March till end April

  Habitat:  Maquis, open forests, calcareous soil

 

 

63

  Ophrys scolopax

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Woodcock bee-orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: March, April, in the North: May

  Habitat:  Calcareous or clay soil, grassy or stony

 

  Ophrys scolopax

             ssp. cornuta

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                  Ophrys scolopax ssp cornuta

  Distribution: Gargano Italy and Eastern Mediterranean

  Flowering period: April, May and June

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows, hillsides

 

   Ophrys scolopax

             ssp. rhodia

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

              Ophrys scolopax ssp rhodia

  Distribution: Aegeian isles and Cyprus

  Flowering period: ende March till end April

  Habitat:   Maquis, roadsides, gras

 

 

64

   Ophrys speculum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Mirror orchid

  Distribution: Sicily, Sardinia and mid Italy, rare.

  Flowering period: March, April

  Habitat:  Maquis, open forests, calcareous soil

 

 

65

  Ophrys sphegodes

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Early spider-orchid

  Distribution: South England, France, Germany and Mediteranean Area

  Flowering Period: March till half May, North: May till half June

  Habitat:  calcareous soil, open meadows

 

  Ophrys sphegodes

             ssp. araneola

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Small spider orchid

  Distribution: South France, Northern Spain, South Germany, Italy, Crete

  Flowering period: March and April

  Habitat:  Lime soils, dry stony places

 

  Ophrys sphegodes

             ssp. atrata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Spider orchid

  Distribution: Mediteranean

  Flowering period: March and April

  Habitat: meadows, maquis

 

  Ophrys sphegodes

             ssp. garganica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Ophrys garganica

  Distribution: Spain, Italy

  Flowering period: March, April

  Habitat: Maquis, open woods.     

 

  Ophrys sphegodes

             ssp. mammosa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Ophrys mammosa

  Distribution: Greece, Turkey(coast), Lebanon

  Flowering period March, April

  Habitat:  Pine forests, maquis, calcareous soil

 

 

66

  Ophrys tenthredinifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                         Sawfly orchid

  Distribution: Spain, Portugal Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Greece, SW Turkey.

  Flowering period: March, April, May.

  Habitat:  Chalc and clay, meadows. also open woods.     

 

 

End Ophrys

ORCHIS

 

67

  Orchis anatolica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Anatolian Orchid

  Distribution: Greek isles, Middle east.

  Flowering period: March, April and May.

  Habitat:  calcareous soil.     Too blue:  

 

 

68

  Orchis brancifortii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Orchis brancifortii

  Distribution: Sardinia en Sicily, local

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat:  Dry, calcareous soil     

 

 

69

  Orchis italica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Italian Orchid

  Distribution: Mediteranean area

  Flowering period: April till May

  Habitat:  calcareous soils, stony meadows, light shadow.     

 

 

70

  Orchis mascula

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Early-purple orchid

 Distribution: Nearly everywhere in Europe West of mid Bavaria

 Floweing period: April till July

 Habitat:  clay soil, open woods, thicket     

  Orchis mascula

  ssp signifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Gracious early-purple orchid

  Distribution: Europe East of mid Bavaria

  Flowering period: June en July

  Habitat:  Grassy Chalkhills  

 

 

71

  Orchis militaris

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Military orchid

  Distribution: Europe; less around the Mediterranean

  Flowering period: April till June (juli)

  Habitat:  In the sun, nutrient-poor meadows.    

 

 

72

  Orchis olbiensis, purple

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Southern Early Purple Orchid, purple

  Distribution: Spain, Provence

  Flowering period: april, may

  Habitat:  sunny places, rockey slopes, chalk     

  Orchis olbiensis, white

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

 

 

73

  Orchis pallens

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

               Pale-flowered orchid

  Distribution: south, south-east Europe, not in Spain

  Flowering period: April, may, moutains: june

  Habitat:  calcareous soil, open forest, sometimes open fields.    

 

 

74

  Orchis pauciflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Orchis pauciflora

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  meadows and open woods

 

 

75

  Orchis provincialis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Provence orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  limestone hillside meadows and open forests

 

 

76

  Orchis purpurea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Lady Orchid

  Distribution: Europe except Holland and Belgium

  Flowering period: April till June

  Habitat:  calcareous soil, woods and thicker     

 

 

77

   Orchis quadripunctata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                  Four-spotted Orchid

  Distribution: South Italy, Greece

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat:  Calcareous soil, maquis, negelcted orchards.     

 

 

78

  Orchis simia

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Monkey Orchid

  Distribution: Central and South Europ, rare in Holland

  Flowering period: end March(South) till start June (North)

  Habitat:  Chalk hillside grasslands, open forests and maquis

 

 

 

 

                     End Orchis

 

80

   Platanthera bifolia

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Lesser butterfly-orchid

  Distribution: Europe, rare in Holland

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat:  Grasslands, thicker and forests      

 

 

81

  Platanthera chlorantha

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Greater butterfly-orchid

  Distribution: Europe, rare in Holland

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat:   calcareous hillside graslands, thicker and forests.     

 

 

 

 

82

  Pseudorchis albida

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Small white orchid

  Distribution: Norway, the Alps, Pyrenees and Carpathians

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat: Mountains till 2500 m.

  Pseudorchis albida

             ssp. straminea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

 

 

 

       SERAPIAS

 

83

  Serapias cordigera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Heart-flowered Serapia

  Distribution: Europe, except the north

  Flowering period: End March till May

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows and forests

 

 

84

  Serapias lingua

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Tongue orchid

  Distribution:  South Europe.

  Flowering period: Mid march till may

  Habitat: Wet(or morer dry), alkaline meadows. Also in undergrowth.    

 

 

 

85

   Serapias neglecta

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                Scarce tongue-orchid

  Distribution: Italian and French Riviera, Corsica, Sicily and South Italy

  Flowering period: end March till early May

  Habitat:  slope graslands and open forests

 

 

86

  Serapias parviflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Small-flowered tongue-orchid

  Distribution: West and mid Mediterranean

  Flowering period: April and May

  Biotoop: Maquis, meadows, forests

 

 

87

  Serapias vomeracea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Long-lipped serapias

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: End March till start June

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows and open forests

  Serapias vomeracea

             ssp. laxiflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                Serapias vomeracea ssp. laxiflora

  Distribution: Italy, Greece, Turkey and Cyprus

  Flowering period: Early April till May

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows and wasteland

 

 

 

 

                   End Serapias

     SPIRANTHES

 

88

  Spiranthes aestivalis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Summer lady's-tresses

 Distribution: Mid, but especially South Europe.

 Flowering period: July and August

 Habitat:  Wet moors and meadows.

 

 

89

  Spiranthes romanzoffiana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Irish Lady's-tresses

  Distribution: Ireland, Brittany, Netherlands, US.

  Flowering period: July and August

  Habitat: swamps, wet meadows.    

 

 

90

  Spiranthes spiralis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Autumn lady's-tresses

 Distribution: From the Iberian peninsula to Poland, Carpathians.

 Flowering period: June till August

 Habitat:  Full sun, nutrientpoor grasslands, mountain meadows and swamps.   

 

 

 

                   End Spiranthes

 

91

  Traunsteinera globosa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Round Headed Orchid

  Distribution: Central Europe and more South.

  Flowering period: May till July

  Habitat:  wet mountain meadows above 400 m.   

 

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